Most visitors go to national galleries or the main galleries for embracing “artistic” and for some to sound “cooler” on associating the art world or to have seen artworks by famous artists. Although some of the visitors are not that “artsy” in heart, they must have known some of the artists’ names as common knowledge. A stereotype of national galleries or the main galleries that artworks what framed or displayed must be done by some valuable and talented artists who have mastered art skills well and being recognized in the art world, and I agree. However, some visitors might have stopped on a minor level of appreciation or just be there for some snapshots. Indeed, the biography of the artists rather interesting, what got them to a national level of recognization was about hard work: investing time, facing challenges fearlessly, being innovative and rebellious in a certain way, embracing creativity, constantly inspiring other artists, the level of influencing and contributing in art history.
Visitors must have experienced walking into national galleries and do not know much about the featured artists. It does not matter. More important is to be honest with your intention, the way you communicate with the artworks and the connection between you and the art world. I must say seeing artworks is like meeting people, we all have our preference and the level we wish to connect. We would feel excited to see something or someone we are interested in. Artworks represented the emotions of the artist in that time frame regarding things meant to them, which is intimate.
Nasjonalgalleriet (The National Gallery), Oslo, Norway
Documented in January 2018
The displays of the Noasjonalgalleriet (The National Gallery of Oslo) involving sculptures, photographs, and paintings. There are quite a few Norwegian or Norway based artists’ works can be seen, or mainly European. For some of the names, you must familiar with as they are world-known influential artists like Edvard Munch, Pablo Picasso, etc, they took a significant place in the art history for inspiring other artists and contributing the art development due to their innovative painting technique and the developed personal style onto their works.
Stephan Sinding (1846-1922) was a Norwegian sculptor in relation to Realism and Symbolism, who moved his life later to Copenhagen continuing his art career.
Gustav Vigeland (1869-1943) was a Norwegian sculptor in relation to Modernism. His level of creativity and productivity made him a special position among Norwegian sculptors. Besides, he was the designer of the Nobel Peace Prize medal.
Camille Claudel (1864-1943) was a French sculptor who was being recognized for her originality and high-quality sculptural works, however, a series of tough life events happened after her father’s death and she suffered from mental health issues in her late lifetime.
Auguste Rodin (1840-1917) was a French figurative sculptor in relation to Realism, who took a craft-like approach to his work and managed clay at a complexity level and detailed work. A fact of his private life that he once had an intimate relationship with a talented female sculptor Camille Claudel, and they were influential to each other’s artworks, however, the relationship ended nasty.
Rolf Nesch (1893-1975) was an artist born in Germany, influenced by Expressionism especially inspired by Edvard Munch and Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, later he moved to Norway to continue his art life. His artworks involved painting, graphics, sculpture, and the use of innovative new materials and methods.
Knud Knudsen (1812-1895) was a photographer born in Norway, who was considered as one of the first professional photographers in Norway’s history. He played an important role in contributing to the art of photography in the 19th century by experimenting about light and shadow in his works. He found nature and countryside fascinating as the core of his works as documenting everyday life.
Sigurd Winge (1909-1970) was born in Germany but as a Norwegian painter associating with Impressionism and Post-impressionism. Also, he was known as a visual artist who worked with various media.
Johan Christian Dahl
Johan Christian Dahl (1788-1857) was a painter born in Norway, whose works were embracing Naturalism and Romanticism. He was considered the first great romantic painter in Norway and played a significant role in Norwegian painting history and was recognized in the European art world.
Jean Baptiste Monnoyer
Jean Baptiste Monnoyer (1636-1699) was born in France, who earned a high reputation for painting flowers and fruits with a mixture of botanical accuracy and artistic component or cartoon form of flowers and fruits for tapestry-weavers. Besides, he painted historical and natural landscapes, which were relatively less significant.
Lorenzo Pasinelli (1629-1700) was an Italian painter embracing Mannerism (as known as a late renaissance in European art history when it finished in the 16th century replaced by the Baroque style).
Paul Cézanne (1839-1906) was a French Post-impression painter who played an important role in transiting the late 19th to the early 20th-century art world. His various idiosyncratic painting style contributing Modernism and Abstract art development, influencing later generations of artists in the modern painting history. Also, he was credited as “the forefather of Fauvism or a precursor of Cubism“, as suggested Pablo Picasso was inspired by Cézanne’s works.
Adolf Fjæstad Christensen
Gustaf Adolf Fjæstad Christensen (1868-1948) was a Swedish painter embracing Impressionism and Modern art, also he was a craftsman of tapestries and wooden furniture inspired by Swedish folk art. He was known for the unusual use of light-sensitive chemicals coated on his paintings.
Hans Heyerdahl (1857-1913) was born in Sweden but established as a Norwegian Realist painter involving works of Naturalism, the landscape scenes of Norway and portrait paintings of some notable people. On his later years of paintings hinted with melancholy. Besides, it was worth knowing that Edvard Munch on his beginning of art career was inspired by Heyerdahl.
Harald Sohlberg (1869-1935) was a Norwegian painter embracing Neo-romanticism. His works were mainly landscape scenes in Norway. He used rich colors to enrich vision sensation and as a form of exploration between the outer world of nature and the inner human essence.
Jean Heiberg (1884-1976) was a Norwegian painter, sculptor, designer, and art professor. His paintings can be classified as Expressionism, Modern art and some of them can be seen as Figurative art as a Female Nude painting is shown above. One of the significant achievements was his design of Ericsson Bakelite telephone which claimed to be the world’s first “hookless” telephone.
Edvard Munch (1863-1944) was a Norweigan painter involving Naturalism, Impressionism, Post-impressionism which some of his early works were adopted the style of Éduoard Manet, also Symbolism and Realism. Nevertheless some of his famous works and significant achievements of embracing Expressionism. His famous works were deeply and heavily presented emotion crisis of Munch, the level of texture created a touching effect and connected the admirers as the paintings speak for themselves. Besides, Munch’s works cover writing and sketching.
Karl Schmidt Rottluff
Karl Schmidt Rottluff (1884-1976) was a German painter, printmaker, sculptor and an appointed professor at his late age. On his early artworks were embracing Neo-impressionism and Art Nouveau, and later his artworks were associated with Expressionism as his painting style had changed in a certain period. However, he was known for his use of vivid colors, rough and shape lines, and finish of untouched. Besides, he was classified as one of the prolific artists.
Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) was a Spanish painter, printmaker, sculptor, ceramicist, stage designer, associating works of realism, symbolicism, neoclassicism, and surrealism in relation to primitivism and eroticism. Also, he was one of the founders of cubism. The diversity of artworks he produced in terms of techniques, ideas, and styles in different periods. Also, being a prolific artist that he gained much attention from art collectors and admirers. He was one of the most influential artists in the 20th century and his name was known on a worldwide level.
Erich Heckel (1883-1970) was a German painter, woodcuts and prints maker. He admired Edvard Munch’s artworks. He formed a group named Die Brücke with 2 other members, which aimed to create a transition between Neo-romanticism and Expressionism form of paintings.
Base on the source, the National Gallery (Nasjonalgalleriet) was closed on 13 January 2019 and it will re-open an estimated time of the year 2021 spring with a new name of the New National Museum at a new address near Oslo City Hall. Please visit their website at www.nasjonalmuseet.no for further information.
Thank you for reading. There will be part 2 about the contemporary art of Oslo.
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